Saturday, May 22nd - West Fermanagh, Presidential Field Trip


The BNFC met with members of the Dublin Naturalists' Field Club at the Boyne Centre at Oldbridge House (left) for a tour of the Centre and an audio visual display about the battle before moving on to Mornington after a picnic lunch. There is an excellent display which places the battle of the Boyne in its proper historical context as an incident in the wider play of European politics.


As described on the Centre website, both kings commanded their armies in person. William had 36,000 men and James had 25,000 - the largest number of troops ever deployed on an Irish battlefield.  English, Scottish, Dutch, Danes and Huguenots (French Protestants) made up William’s army (Williamites), while James' men (Jacobites) were mainly Irish Catholics, reinforced by 6,500 French troops sent by King Louis XIV. At stake were the British throne, French Dominance in Europe and religious power in Ireland.


William’s camp was on the north side of the river, James’s was on the south side with the two armies facing each other.  William’s battle plan was to trap the Jacobite army in a pincer movement. He sent 10,000 men towards Slane which drew the bulk of the Jacobites upstream in response.  With 1,300 Jacobites posted in Drogheda, only 6,000 were left at Oldbridge to confront 26,000 Williamites. All the fighting took place on the south side of the river, as the vastly outnumbered Jacobites defended their position against the advancing Williamites.  William himself crossed at Drybridge with 3,500 mounted troops. The pincer movement failed. King James’s army retreated across the River Nanny at Duleek and regrouped west of the Shannon to carry on the war. Approximately 1,500 soldiers were killed at the Boyne.


The audiovisual presentation, with a three dimensional map of the terrain, gives a vivid impression of these events, and the centre contains an excellent display of contemporary artefacts, including cannon drawn up outside.


Liam McCaughey

 
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The approach to Oldbridge House

Members of the Field Clubs from Dublin and Belfast

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